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发表于 2014-5-13 11:03:21 | 查看: 16261| 回复: 0
Effective scientific electronic publishingMarkus G. Kuhn, Computer Laboratory,University of Cambridge
This is a brief list of recommendations for authors of scientificpapers who make their work available online. It focuses in particularon producing high-quality PDF files with LaTeX and covers some othertechnical and typographic pitfalls.

Be consistent with how you write your nameChoose an exact spelling of your name at the start of yourscientific career and use that and only that on all your publications.Do not change any part of your name. If you have a middle initial inyour name, then either use it always (preferred) or use it never, butavoid switching between the two possibilities. Otherwise, you will getsorted in bibliographic databases (Science Citation Index, etc.) undervarious different places like J DOE and JA DOE, which makes it moredifficult to locate your work.
Use the LaTeX styles suggested by the conference organizers
If the conference proceedings will be published by Springer as Lecture Notes inComputer Science, then use the latest LLNCS LaTeX2emacro package provided by Springer to format your camera-ready copy.Read the authors’instructions carefully.
Make sure your online version has page numbers and reference informationCamera-ready submission formats required by publishers often lackpage numbers or an indication of where this paper was published,because the publishers want to add this information themselves. If youput this camera-ready version on the Web, then people will print itout and forget where they downloaded it. If they then can’t find thereference information on the paper, they will not be able to quoteyour paper properly.
Therefore, your own online version should differ from the submittedcamera-ready copy in these two aspects. The page numbers should beswitched on and the precise bibliographic reference of your papershould be included. Preferably put the reference information at thebottom of the first page, in a way that does not change the pagebreaks compared to the submitted camera-ready copy.
Update your online copy once you receive all the precisemetadata (page numbers, ISBN, publication date, etc.) of the finalpublished paper version.

Users of Springer’s LLNCS style can use the package butterma.sty to add the bibliographicreference to the first page of the online version. To make this work,the file should start like \documentclass[runningheads]{llncs}
  \usepackage{butterma}
  \idline{J.~Doe and E.~Muster (Eds.): Perfect Publishing, LNCS 9999}
  \setcounter{page}{101}
  %\renewcommand{\year}{1999} % just if you don't want the current year
  ...
  \maketitle
  \thispagestyle{electronic}where of course the text after \idline has to be replacedwith your reference and the page number after\setcounter{page} has to be adjusted to your first pagenumber. The line \thispagestyle{electronic} which follows\maketitle suppresses the page number on the first page,which was activated by the [runningheads] in the firstline. If your title is too long to fit into the running heads, then youshould provide a shorter one using \titlerunning and\authorrunning. Special thanks to [email=Endemann%40Springer.de]Antje Endemann[/email] from Springerfor this description. My variant prebutterma.sty, which only addsthe \idline value at the bottom, can be used to annotatepreprints that are not yet published in LNCS and therefore do not yetneed a Springer copyright notice and a page-number range.
If you make a paper that you submitted to a publisher availableonline, then read the publisher’s copyright conditions carefully. Mostscientific publishers now allow you to have your paper on your Webpage, but some require you to add a special copyright notice.
The first printed page should be page number 1International Standard ISO 7144 (“Documentation — Presentation oftheses and similar documents”):

“The numbering of pages shall run consecutively, including blank pages,also if a thesis is published in several volumes, in arabic numerals,beginning on the recto of the first printed leaf. The title-leaves arecounted but not numbered.”

If your document comes with a table of contents or index and theprinted version is usually bound separately (e.g., a thesis, technicalreport, manual, book), then it is very convenient if the page numbersprinted in the document match exactly the page numbers displayed by anelectronic document viewer, such as Adobe Reader or ghostview. This ismost easily achieved, if, starting from the title page (the front ofthe first page that comes out of the printer), all pages are numberedconsecutively in Arabic numerals (1, 2, 3, ...). The LaTeX “article”and “report” styles do this. Avoid seperate Roman numerals for frontmatter, like the LaTeX “book” style uses them by default. Should thethesis presentation regulations of your institution disagree, you maywant to make those who wrote them aware of ISO 7144.
Use PDF as the distribution format for your online versionAdobe’s Portable Document Format is today clearly the preferred format forpublishing formatted documents. PDF has several advantages over themore traditional Adobe PostScript format:

PDF was specifically designed as a document distribution andarchive format, while PostScript is just a printer control language.PDF is more portable.
PDF viewers and printing tools such as the AdobeReader, GhostScript,xpdf, and kpdf are freely available. They aremuch more widely deployed and user friendly than PostScript printersand viewers (especially on Microsoft platforms).
The Shrink to fit function of Adobe Reader provides anelegant workaround for the non-ISOpaper size problem with which North Americans continue to plaguethe world.
PDF has built-in per-page compression, therefore it isnot necessary to use extra compression and packaging tools suchas PKZIP.
PDF allows authors to include URL hyperlinks (accessible from TeXvia HyperTeX and the hyperref LaTeX macros).
PDF encodes photos very compactly using the JPEG algorithm,whereas they increase the size of PostScript Level 1 filestremendously.
Some PDF Web-browser plugins support fast direct download ofindividual pages in documents.
PDF files can be created, for example, with the “ps2pdf” toolincluded with ghostscript, or with Adobe’sAcrobatDistiller, by converting PostScript files into PDF.
Ghostscript versions before6.5 lacked full Type1 font support for PDF. All non-standard Type1fonts were transformed into 720 dpi pixel fonts when writing a PDFfile. Make sure you use a recent version.
Please do not package PDF files into ZIP files. They arealready compressed. Put them directly on your web server. ApplyingPKZIP in addition will not reduce the size significantly, but it willrender the convenient PDF plug-ins of web browsers useless. Make surethat your web server serves PDF files with the line“Content-Type: application/pdf” in the HTTP header.
PdfTeX is aversion of TeX that can produce both DVI and PDF files as output. Itknows a number of additional commands to control the PDF output(adding URLs, embedding graphics, etc.). Pdftex does not allow toembed EPS files as this is possible with dvips, but EPS files can beconverted into PDF using ghostscript and the epstopdf script thatcomes with tetex. The usual way of including diagrams into TeXdocuments is to use xfig or for morecomplicated cases MetaPost inorder to generate an embedded PostScript file. Both these tools allowyou to include mathematical formulae into diagrams that will betypeset by LaTeX (in xfig, export to "Combined PS/LaTeX (both parts)"to get a pair of pstex/pstex_t files).
I’ll discuss below some of the more important issues of generatingPDF with TeX.
Some related information can be found in:

PDF on Wikipedia
Timothy Van Zandt’s Notes onconverting TeX or LaTeX documents to PDF
Michael Shell’s testflowis a test page for your PDF conversion procedure that contains all thefeatures that have in the past been reported to go potentially wrongwhen producing PDF from TeX (see the documentationfor a detailed list).
UsingLaTeX to Create Quality PDF Documents over the World Wide Web
Howto make a compact beautiful PostScript or PDF file from a TeX file
PDFzone.COM has a list ofPDF tools (freeware and commercial)
Use Type1 vector fonts for generating PDF files with TeXTeX (and therefore also LaTeX) traditionally uses raster graphicfonts produced by Metafont for a specific device resolution. If youuse dvips in the normal way to produce a PostScript file,this PostScript file will contain 300 or 600 dpi raster fonts, and sowill the PDF file produced by the distiller. PDF viewers do usually arather bad job when displaying device-dependent raster fonts. Texts inraster fonts are displayed slow on the screen and without properanti-alias filtering. You should try to avoid Type3 (raster graphics)fonts like they are used by dvips if Metafont PK files are offeredto it. You should only use Type1 resolution-independent fonts instead.
Fortunately, aconsortium of AMS, SIAM, IBM, Springer, Elsevier, BlueSky Research,and Y&Y Inc. arranged to make commercial high-qualityPostScript Type1 versions of both the ComputerModern fonts and AMSfonts for TeX freely available under the copyright of AMS. Usethese resolution-independent TeX fonts when preparing PostScript filesthat will be distilled into PDF.
Make sure you configure the distiller to the “Subset fonts below100%” option. This will ensure that only fonts for which 100% of allcharacters are used in the document are included completely and thedistiller will remove font data for all unused characters from yourPDF file. This will keep your PDF files small.
To get my dvipsk 5.86 p1.5d to use these Type1 fonts andoptimise a few more parameters for PDF generation, I had to call itwith

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